Young people in transition in lithuania

Anglų rašiniai
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Anglų Kalba , Students JOB


Due to the changing economic and social environment, the prestige of educated people has been increasing, thus, more and more young people seek better education. Out of the total number of schoolchildren who finished lower secondary school, almost all of them continued further studies (in 1992 - 94%). A bigger number of young people are inclined to work as high qualified specialists. Therefore, more schoolchildren, after finishing upper secondary schools, tend to seek further education. In 1998 the number of young people who continued studying was 20 000 (87%) out of 23 000 (62%).
Most students try to live on their own, but it is not as easy as it looks from the first time. Income of young people is smaller as compared with income of all employed people. Young people with higher and college type education receives higher income.
Seeking to provide assistance for those searching for a job, in 1998 the Lithuanian Center of Information on Professions was established. Feeling responsible for the future, young people try to attain better education and strengthen their position within the labor market. Thus, they are not in a rush to form families and prefer to stay at their parents for a longer time. In 2002 the marriage rate of people younger than 25 years old was twice as low as in 1998. As an alternative, young people choose cohabitation, which is becoming more popular. The delay of getting married conditioned the decline of the fertility rate. Students find thousands of ways how to live economically, but they still are looking for job from the first year of studying. Why?

The scholarship is too less to pay taxes and to live all month.
Students need money for their leisure.
When working, they get practice, which they will need in the future life.
Work makes students independent from others.

Presently we have refused the compulsory employment of young specialists. However, the mechanism that would facilitate the employment of young specialists has not been created, and, consequently, a considerable number of young people seek a job themselves.
Approximately one third of students studying bachelor degree and four fifths of students...