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This article is about the country. For other uses, see England (disambiguation).
England

Flag Royal Coat of Arms

Motto
Dieu et mon droit (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
God Save the King (Queen)

Location of England (orange) – on the European continent (camel & white)
– in the United Kingdom (camel)

Capital
(and largest city) London (de facto)
51°30.4167′N, 0°7.65′W
Official languages English (de facto)
Unification
- by Athelstan 967
Area
- Total 130,395 km²
50,346 sq mi
Population
- 2006 estimate 50,690,0001
- 2001 census 49,138,831
- Density 388.7 /km²
976 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
- Total US$1.8 trillion (n/a)
- Per capita US$35,300 (n/a)
HDI (2006) 0.940 (high)
Currency Pound sterling (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
- Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Internet TLD .uk2
Calling code +44
Patron saint St. George
1 From the Office for National Statistics - UK population grows to more than 60 million
2 Also .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB, but .gb is unused.
England (pronounced IPA: /ˈɪŋglənd/) is a country[1] to the northwest of Continental Europe and is the largest and most populous constituent country[2][3] of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its inhabitants account for more than 85% of the total population of the United Kingdom,[4] whilst the mainland territory of England occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. Elsewhere, it is bordered by the North Sea, Irish Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and English Channel.

England became a unified state during the tenth century and takes its name from the Angles — one of a number of Germanic tribes who settled in the territory during the fifth and sixth centuries. The capital city of England is London, which is the largest city in Britain and largest city in the European Union.

England ranks among the most influential and far-reaching centres of cultural development in the history of the world.[5][6] It is the place of origin of both the English language and the Church of England, and English law forms the basis of the legal systems of many countries. It was the historic...