Conditional overview with examples

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CONDITIONAL OVERVIEW WITH EXAMPLES
Present Real Conditional Present Unreal Conditional


If I have time, I study English.
(Sometimes I have time.)



If I had time, I would study English.
(I don't have time.)

Past Real Conditional Past Unreal Conditional

If I had time, I studied English.
(Somtimes I had time.)



If I had had time, I would have studied English.
(I didn't have time.)

Future Real Conditional Future Unreal Conditional

If I have time, I will study English.
If I have time, I am going to study English.
(I don't know if I will have time or not.)
Other forms possible.


If I had time, I would study English.
(I won't have time.)

Other forms possible.

Present Real Conditional
FORM
[If / When SIMPLE PRESENT, SIMPLE PRESENT ]
USE
The Present Real Conditional is used to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations.
EXAMPLES: If I go to a friend's house for dinner, I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers.
When I have a day off from work, I often go to the beach.
If the weather is nice, she walks to work.
Jerry helps me with my home work when he has time.
I read if there is nothing on TV.
What do you do when it rains?
I stay at home.
Where do you stay if you go to Sydney?
I stay with my friends near the harbor.

IMPORTANT If / When
Both "if" and "when" are used in the Present Real Conditional. Using "if" suggests that something happens less frequently. Using "when" suggests that something happens regularly.
EXAMPLES: When I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.
(I regularly have days off from work.)
If I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.
(I rarely have days off from work.)

Present Unreal Conditional
FORM
[If SIMPLE PAST , would + VERB ]
USE
The Present Unreal Conditional is used to talk about what you would do in imaginary situations in general.
EXAMPLES: If I had a car, I would drive to work. But I don't have a car.
She would travel around the world if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money.
I would read more if I didn't have a TV.
Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese.
If they worked harder, they would earn more money.
What would you do if you won the lottery?
I would travel.
Where would you live if you moved to the U.S.?
I would live in Seattle.
EXCEPTION If I were
In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form "was" is not considered grammatically correct. In written English or in testing situations, you should always use "were." However, in everyday conversation,...