Banking education vs problem posing education

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The essay “The “Banking” Concept of Education” by Pualo Freire describes two different systems of education. One is the banking system and the other is the problem-posing. The banking system that is described is quite close to the educational system that is in place throughout the schools of America or even the world. Freire writes about how he despises this method of teaching/learning and compares it heavily with his more preferred style, the problem posing system. In the problem-posing method teachers and students are equal rather than one being the narrator and the other simply a filing cabinet such as in the banking education system. Although I have experienced both methods of teaching in my educational career, it usually seemed that one or the other was more prominent depending on the subject I was taking.

The claims that Freire made in his essay about the system of banking education were too severe in my opinion. Freire states that the banking education system is dehumanizing and it leads students to not think critically. No matter what is studied or memorized for the purpose of being repeated on a test there are still the decisions that need to be made by each individual. What to wear or what to have for lunch and even what to color a picture of are all decisions that school-age children make daily. The methods used in banking education may cause students to “learn” things for a short period of time for the purposes of test taking but going as far as to say that they are being made into less of a human being and taught not to think for themselves is ridiculous.

One of the major problems with the system of banking education that Freire writes about is relationship between the teacher and the student. The main point when discussing this issue was the fact that the banking system continued to contradict the fact that both the teacher and the students need to become both teachers and students, not just one or the other. About the banking system Freire states, “It attempts to control the thinking and action, leads women and men to adjust to the world, and inhibits their creative power.” If the methods of banking education were taken to the most extreme point of not allowing students to think outside of the limits...