Anglų laikai programa

Anglų referatai
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TENSES

INDEFINITE
Present Indefinite – veiksmas, priskiriamas esamajam laikui, bet paprastai nevykstantis kalbos momentu.
Teigiamoji forma Neigiamoji forma Klausiamoji forma Pabrėžtinė teigiamoji forma
I askYou askHe (she, it) asks We askYou askThey ask I do not (don’t) askYou do not (don’t) askHe (she, it) does not (doesn’t) ask We do not (don’t) askYou do not (don’t) askThey do not (don’t) ask Do I ask?Do you ask?Does he (she, it) ask? Do we ask?Do you ask?Do they ask? I do askYou do askHe (she) does ask We do askYou do askThey do ask
Vartojamas:
1) Reikšti įprastiems, pasikartojantiems ar nuolat vykstantiems veiksmams dabartyje (always, often, usually, regularly, daily, every day, never, seldom, rarely, sometimes):

Nick always helps his comrades in their studies.
What time do you get up?
We seldom meet.
We have our dinner at 5 o’clock

2) reikšti bendriems teiginiams, nesiejant jų su laiku:

Rockets fly faster thab airplanes.
The earth goes round the sun in 24 hours.
3) Reikšti veiksmams arba savybėms, būdingiems veiksniui nuolat arba dabartiniu laikotarpiu:

Tom speaks English well.
His sister Mary plays the piano and sings.
I’m a schoolgirl.
Where do you live?
Jane’s mother works on a dairy farm.
My little brother already goes to school.

4) Reikšti veiksmams (arba būsenoms), vykstantiems kalbos momentu, jeigu jie reiškiami veiksmažodžiais, kurie nevartojami eigos laikais (want, like, belong, know, suppose, need, love, see, realise, mean, prefer, hate, hear, believe, understand, remember, forget, seem, sound, appear, smell, taste, wish, own, think (when the meaning is “believe”), have (when it is used for actions or the meaning is “possess”):
What do you want?
I don’t quite understand you.
5) Reikšti būsimiems (numatomiems) veiksmams arba būsenoms šalutiniuose laiko ir sąlygos aplinkybių sakiniuose po jungtukų if, unless, till, until, when, as soon as, before (atitinkamuose lietuviškuose sakiniuose vartojamas būsimasis laikas):
I’ll wait till you finish your breakfast.
What shall we do if it rains tomorrow?
Come and see me when you are passing my way.
Come next week unless you are very busy.
Let’s wait until the rain stops.
I’ll join you as soon as I can.
Pastaba.Šalutiniuose papildinio sakiniuose po jungtukų if, when vartojamas Future Indefinite Tense:
Ask him ih he will go with us.
I don’t know when he will return.
6) Reikšti iš anksto numatytiems veiksmams, kurie įvyks artimiausioje ateityje (daugiausia su veiksmažodžiais to leave, to start, to come, to return, to come back, to go, to arrive):
We leave next Saturday.
The train...