Anglu apie klaipeda

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Klaipeda - contemporary port on Baltic


Klaipeda is an attractive transit port, connecting the main transportation corridors between the East and the West. It is the most northern ice-free Baltic seaport. Harbour waters do not freeze even at -25°C.
The depth of the harbour waters at the northern part of the port quays is 14.5 meters and in perspective the depth is to reach 17 meters.
Klaipeda port is a State port. Its land and harbour waters belong to the State. The port of Klaipedais managed by the Authirities of Klaipeda State Seaport, the founders of which are the Communications Ministry of the Republic of Lithuania.
Klaipeda has a number of advantages over other ports in the region for transit:
it has excellent road links with the only motorway standart road in the Baltic States linking a port complex to the countries of the former Soviet Union
it is the nearest port in the region to western Europe and as such this minimises the slow shipping section of a transit journey
it has new, modern container and ferry terminals providing excellent inter-modal facilities
it is located west of the major industrial locations of Belarus and western Russia and involves no diviation from the direct route between the European Union and the main sources of freight traffic
it is linked to the rail system of Belarus and Russia on the same rail gauge


. Today, Klaipëda has a population of more than 206,000 and is vital to Lithuania's economy as the country's main seaport.
Archaeological evidence reveals that this area was once densely populated by the Balts, ancestors to Lithuanians. From the 9th century, their lands were perpetually raided by the Vikings. From the 13th century, the site suffered new invasions by German feudal lords and the Teutonic Order. In a move to consolidate its governance over the territory, in 1252 the Order erected a castle on the delta of the river Danë, named it Memelburg and used it to control the strait between the mainland and the Curonian Spit. After this, Lithuania's main waterway trade route via the Nemunas river to the Curonian Lagoon, Baltic Sea and so to Gotland and Scandinavia was sealed shut.
The site, now controled by the Teutonic Order, was a natural harbour around...