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Lithuania


LITHUANIA
Some facts:
Official name - The Republic of Lithuania
Highest body of power - Supreme Council
System - Parliamentary republic
Capital - Vilnius
Borders:
with Latvia - 610 km
with Byelorussia - 724 km
with Poland - 110 km
with Russia (Kaliningrad region) - 303 km
sea border (Baltic Sea) - 99 km
Lithuania’s area - 65,2 sq.km
Longest distances:
from the East to the West - 373 km
from the North to the South - 276 km
Population - 3,723 thousand
Density population - 57,1 per square km
68,5% of the entire population resides in towns.
Major towns:
Vilnius - 600.000
Kaunas - 430.000
Klaipeda - 210.000
Fields and meadows - 57%
Forests and bushes - 30%
Swamps -3%
Inland waters - 4%
Other land - 6%
Relief: ¾ of the territory consists of low-lying plains
Highest hill - 293 m above sea level
Largest river - the Nemunas -937 km, of which 475 km in Lithuania. 71,6% of Lithuania’s territory belongs to the Nemunas’s basin.
Largest lake - 44,8 sq. km - Drūkšiai.
Total number of lakes larger than 0,5 hectare is
2833 ( 1,5% Lithuania’s territory)
The protected natural area - 327 thousand hectares
( 5% of Lithuania’s territory)
The climate is that of the middle latitudes, changing from the maritime to the continental. The mean yearly
temperature +6° C ( average for January being -5° C,
average July +17° C ). During the last 50...