Adjective clauses

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Adjective clauses
Adjective clauses
What is it?
What's an adjective?
To understand what an adjective clause is, we need to understand what adjectives and clauses are. Most of you probably know what an adjective is. In English, adjectives are used to modify or describe nouns. For example, adjectives can show size, color, emotion, and quantity. Here are some sentences with adjectives. Can you identify them?
• Mary bought a red sweater at the department store for her mother.
• The sweater was too small.
• Mary felt very disappointed.
• Mary’s mother received nice gifts for her birthday.

Here are the same sentences with the adjectives in red.
• Mary bought a red sweater at the department store for her mother.
• The sweater was too small.
• Mary felt very disappointed.
• Mary’s mother received nice gifts for her birthday.
Adjectives can describe a noun in two different ways. The adjective can come before the noun (a red sweater) or it can be connected to a noun with a linking verb (sweater was small; Mary felt disappointed).
What's a clause?
What is a clause? In English, a clause is a set of words that includes a subject and a verb. Sentences are clauses because they always have a subject and a verb. These are clauses too:
• because the sweater was too small
• but she received many other gifts
• which she bought for her mother
Can you find the subjects and verbs in each? Click on the green question mark to check your answers.
Another example
Imagine that I have invited you to my home for Thanksgiving. You look around the room, and you ask me about the different people. Since there are several men and women in the room, I use adjective clauses to identify the different people.

1. The woman who is pushing the baby stroller is my sister, Karen.
2. The man who is wearing glasses is my Uncle Kenneth.
3. The woman who Karen is talking to is my cousin, Gina.
4. The man who Uncle Kenneth is talking to is my brother, Robert.
Formation
The different kinds of adjective clauses
Before we can talk about how to make adjective clauses, let me give you some examples of the different kinds of adjective clauses. Click on the green question mark to understand the different types better.
Subject Adjective Clauses
The people who came to my party had a good time.
Object Adjective Clauses
The turkey that my father cooked was delicious.
Possessive Adjective Clauses
The woman whose baby cried during dinner was my sister, Karen.
Location Adjective Clauses
The house where we had the party belongs to my Uncle Kenneth.

Subject Adjective Clauses
The people who came to my party had a good time.
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