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Lithuania is a small plot of land at the Baltic Sea. It is in the
geographical centre of Europe (18 km from Vilnius). Lithuania borders with
Latvia, Byelorussia, Poland and Russia. It's not a big country. The
territory of Lithuanian Republic is about 65000 square km. The population
is 3,7 millions.
The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius.
The official language of the state is Lithuanian. Lithuanian flag consists
of gold, green and red ribbons. State emblem -- white Vytis in the red
The biggest town in Lithuania is Vilnius, then goes Kaunas, very beautiful
town on the place where the river Neris flows into the Nemunas. Klaipeda,
Panevezhys, Shiauliai and other big cities too.
For the first time Lithuania was mentioned in 1009 in Quedlinburg annals.
As a state it was emerged in the early 13th century and Mindaugas became
the Grand Duke of Lithuania about 1240. At the end of 14th and the
beginning of 15th century Lithuania became one of the most powerful states
in the Europe. Lithuania was christened in 14th century, until that time it
was pagan. Lithuanian people had to fight a lot for their freedom. The
latest occupation ended only in 1990, when on March 11 Lithuania proclaimed
its restoration of statehood.
There are two big Universities in Lithuania in Vilnius and in Kaunas.
University in Vilnius is very old: it was established in 1579, and another
University, which received the name of the Vytautas the Great, was founded
in 1930.

Holidays in Lithuania

Every nation and every country have its traditions, customs and holidays.
Lithuanians are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up. It
has been the law for about centuries not to work on Sunday. On that day
people went to the church, spend their time in the family circle, or went
visiting their relatives. Holidays in our country are specially, rich and
are different in Zhemaitija, Aukshtaitija and Dzookija.
Christmas is a Lithuanian national holiday. On the eve of Christmas people
has a family supper, they don't meat, only fish, fruits and berries.
Everybody is waiting for Christ to be born.
Some people enjoy themselves on the new year's day. On the eve of New Year
they have a party at home, or go the restaurants, visit their friends. The
New Year tree is decorated for the Christmas or New Year. The day of
Lithuanian's independence is on the 16 of February. Since 1928 Lithuanian's
people marks this day every year by paying tribute to those who gave their
lives for the people's happiness. For many years after World War the second
this holiday was forbidden. Since 1989 it again becomes the national wide
holiday in your country....